Update Handlers

Handlers are used to instruct Pyrogram about which kind of updates you’d like to handle with your callback functions. For a much more convenient way of registering callback functions have a look at Decorators instead.

from pyrogram import Client
from pyrogram.handlers import MessageHandler

app = Client("my_account")


def dump(client, message):
    print(message)


app.add_handler(MessageHandler(dump))

app.run()

Contents



Details

class pyrogram.handlers.MessageHandler

The Message handler class. Used to handle text, media and service messages coming from any chat (private, group, channel). It is intended to be used with add_handler()

For a nicer way to register this handler, have a look at the on_message() decorator.

Parameters
  • callback (callable) – Pass a function that will be called when a new Message arrives. It takes (client, message) as positional arguments (look at the section below for a detailed description).

  • filters (Filters) – Pass one or more filters to allow only a subset of messages to be passed in your callback function.

Other Parameters
  • client (Client) – The Client itself, useful when you want to call other API methods inside the message handler.

  • message (Message) – The received message.

class pyrogram.handlers.DeletedMessagesHandler

The deleted messages handler class. Used to handle deleted messages coming from any chat (private, group, channel). It is intended to be used with add_handler()

For a nicer way to register this handler, have a look at the on_deleted_messages() decorator.

Parameters
  • callback (callable) – Pass a function that will be called when one or more messages have been deleted. It takes (client, messages) as positional arguments (look at the section below for a detailed description).

  • filters (Filters) – Pass one or more filters to allow only a subset of messages to be passed in your callback function.

Other Parameters
  • client (Client) – The Client itself, useful when you want to call other API methods inside the message handler.

  • messages (List of Message) – The deleted messages, as list.

class pyrogram.handlers.CallbackQueryHandler

The CallbackQuery handler class. Used to handle callback queries coming from inline buttons. It is intended to be used with add_handler()

For a nicer way to register this handler, have a look at the on_callback_query() decorator.

Parameters
  • callback (callable) – Pass a function that will be called when a new CallbackQuery arrives. It takes (client, callback_query) as positional arguments (look at the section below for a detailed description).

  • filters (Filters) – Pass one or more filters to allow only a subset of callback queries to be passed in your callback function.

Other Parameters
  • client (Client) – The Client itself, useful when you want to call other API methods inside the message handler.

  • callback_query (CallbackQuery) – The received callback query.

class pyrogram.handlers.InlineQueryHandler

The InlineQuery handler class. Used to handle inline queries. It is intended to be used with add_handler()

For a nicer way to register this handler, have a look at the on_inline_query() decorator.

Parameters
  • callback (callable) – Pass a function that will be called when a new InlineQuery arrives. It takes (client, inline_query) as positional arguments (look at the section below for a detailed description).

  • filters (Filters) – Pass one or more filters to allow only a subset of inline queries to be passed in your callback function.

Other Parameters
  • client (Client) – The Client itself, useful when you want to call other API methods inside the inline query handler.

  • inline_query (InlineQuery) – The received inline query.

class pyrogram.handlers.ChosenInlineResultHandler

The ChosenInlineResultHandler handler class. Used to handle chosen inline results coming from inline queries. It is intended to be used with add_handler()

For a nicer way to register this handler, have a look at the on_chosen_inline_result() decorator.

Parameters
  • callback (callable) – Pass a function that will be called when a new chosen inline result arrives. It takes (client, chosen_inline_result) as positional arguments (look at the section below for a detailed description).

  • filters (Filters) – Pass one or more filters to allow only a subset of chosen inline results to be passed in your callback function.

Other Parameters
  • client (Client) – The Client itself, useful when you want to call other API methods inside the message handler.

  • chosen_inline_result (ChosenInlineResult) – The received chosen inline result.

class pyrogram.handlers.ChatMemberUpdatedHandler

The ChatMemberUpdated handler class. Used to handle changes in the status of a chat member. It is intended to be used with add_handler().

For a nicer way to register this handler, have a look at the on_chat_member_updated() decorator.

Parameters
  • callback (callable) – Pass a function that will be called when a new ChatMemberUpdated event arrives. It takes (client, chat_member_updated) as positional arguments (look at the section below for a detailed description).

  • filters (Filters) – Pass one or more filters to allow only a subset of updates to be passed in your callback function.

Other Parameters
  • client (Client) – The Client itself, useful when you want to call other API methods inside the handler.

  • chat_member_updated (ChatMemberUpdated) – The received chat member update.

class pyrogram.handlers.UserStatusHandler

The UserStatus handler class. Used to handle user status updates (user going online or offline). It is intended to be used with add_handler().

For a nicer way to register this handler, have a look at the on_user_status() decorator.

Parameters
  • callback (callable) – Pass a function that will be called when a new user status update arrives. It takes (client, user) as positional arguments (look at the section below for a detailed description).

  • filters (Filters) – Pass one or more filters to allow only a subset of users to be passed in your callback function.

Other Parameters
  • client (Client) – The Client itself, useful when you want to call other API methods inside the user status handler.

  • user (User) – The user containing the updated status.

class pyrogram.handlers.PollHandler

The Poll handler class. Used to handle polls updates.

It is intended to be used with add_handler()

For a nicer way to register this handler, have a look at the on_poll() decorator.

Parameters
  • callback (callable) – Pass a function that will be called when a new poll update arrives. It takes (client, poll) as positional arguments (look at the section below for a detailed description).

  • filters (Filters) – Pass one or more filters to allow only a subset of polls to be passed in your callback function.

Other Parameters
  • client (Client) – The Client itself, useful when you want to call other API methods inside the poll handler.

  • poll (Poll) – The received poll.

class pyrogram.handlers.DisconnectHandler

The Disconnect handler class. Used to handle disconnections. It is intended to be used with add_handler()

For a nicer way to register this handler, have a look at the on_disconnect() decorator.

Parameters

callback (callable) – Pass a function that will be called when a disconnection occurs. It takes (client) as positional argument (look at the section below for a detailed description).

Other Parameters

client (Client) – The Client itself. Useful, for example, when you want to change the proxy before a new connection is established.

class pyrogram.handlers.RawUpdateHandler

The Raw Update handler class. Used to handle raw updates. It is intended to be used with add_handler()

For a nicer way to register this handler, have a look at the on_raw_update() decorator.

Parameters

callback (callable) – A function that will be called when a new update is received from the server. It takes (client, update, users, chats) as positional arguments (look at the section below for a detailed description).

Other Parameters
  • client (Client) – The Client itself, useful when you want to call other API methods inside the update handler.

  • update (Update) – The received update, which can be one of the many single Updates listed in the Update base type.

  • users (dict) – Dictionary of all User mentioned in the update. You can access extra info about the user (such as first_name, last_name, etc…) by using the IDs you find in the update argument (e.g.: users[1768841572]).

  • chats (dict) – Dictionary of all Chat and Channel mentioned in the update. You can access extra info about the chat (such as title, participants_count, etc…) by using the IDs you find in the update argument (e.g.: chats[1701277281]).

Note

The following Empty or Forbidden types may exist inside the users and chats dictionaries. They mean you have been blocked by the user or banned from the group/channel.